Descent from Abraham
Continuing from Abraham in the previous blog (Chart #1), I now show here the descent from Abraham, the father of the Jewish, Muslim and Christian Religions. Here we see the descent through Isaac then Jacob and two of the 12 sons of Jacob (Israel). (The line from Ishmael to Mohammed will be covered in some later blog.)
As a side note, I have seen some genealogies which link Benjamin, the son of Jacob, down to Queen Esther, which genealogy is given in the Bible, but which is certainly erroneous as there are way too few generations. Perhaps the intent in the Book of Esther was to indicate she was a descendant, rather than laying out every generation. These genealogies also show Queen Esther married to Xerxes I, King of Persia with their son as Artaxerxes I. However, history indicates that Artaxerxes' mother was Amestris, not Esther. We will eventually show the genealogy of the ancient Persian Kings in a later blog.
Judah was the ancestor of the Kings in the southern Kingdom of Judah, the most famous being King David and King Solomon who ruled over a united Israel. After Solomon's death, the kingdom was split and the northern tribes were eventually taken captive by Assyrians, mostly removed from their lands and lost to history. These are the famous Lost Tribes of Israel - which I may touch upon again in some later post. The stories of the Kings of Judah from Rehoboam down to Josiah who was defeated by Egypt at Meddigo are told in the Old Testament. Then in 597 BCE King Nebuchadnezzar from Babylon pillaged Jerusalem, carting spoils back to Babylon. Many prominent citizens and a sizable portion of the Jewish population of Judah were deported and dispersed throughout the Babylonian Empire. (2 Kings 24:14) About 70 years later King Cyrus of Persia allowed Zerubbabel to return to Jerusalem so the Jews could rebuild the temple. We will show genealogy for both Nebuchadnezzar and Cyrus in later blogs.
The genealogy of Mary and Joseph are shown in the New Testament, although there are a number of discrepancies between Matthew 1 and Luke 3. The genealogy in the chart below follows Luke's account. That Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene and had children is certainly controversial, but we will discuss this and the "Bloodline of the Holy Grail" in a later blog.
The legend of Joseph of Arimathea and his trip to the British Isle will also be covered in a later blog when we get to the genealogy of the early British Kings.
The Levitical line basically follows the the High Priests of Israel which was passed from father to son for many generations. There are some interesting stories down this line, that especially help close the gap between the end of the New Testament (abt 400 BCE) and the beginning of the New Testament.
Jaddua, the High Priest lived during the time that Alexander the Great was conquering the known world. The interesting story of how Jaddua and the priests went out all dressed in white to meet Alexander and his troops as they came to conquer Jerusalem. When the troops arrived, Alexander came forward and bowed down to Jaddua. When asked later Alexander explained that he had a dream in which he had seen Jaddua and was assured victory over the Persians. (Josephus "Antiquities of the Jews", Book 11, Chapter 8)
The story of the Maccabean Revolt is told in the Apocrypha in 1 & 2nd Maccabees. In 167 BCE the Greeks, under emperor Antiochus IV Epiphanes tried to force the Jews to offer sacrifice to the Greek gods, Mattathias ben Johanan killed the Jew who came forward to do so and also the Greek official. This eventual result was Jewish independence, which had not been enjoyed for 400 years. These events form the basis for the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah.
Herod the Great was known in the New Testament as the one who orders the massacre of children at the time of Jesus birth.
Here are links to some of the key people in my online genealogy database:
- David, King of Israel
- Isaiah, the Prophet
- Zerubbabel, Rebuilder of the Temple
- Jaddua, High Priest of Israel
- Mattathias ben Johanan
- Jesus Christ
Here are some links to help you learn more:
- Overview of the Kingdom of Judah: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Judah
- Short story about Jaddua (The longer story is found in Josephus as mentioned above): https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0011_0_09933.html
- Overview of the Maccabean Revolt: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabean_Revolt
- Herod the Great: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herod_the_Great
Here are some useful books to read pertaining to the subjects in this blog.
Note: Links to books do not appear in emailed blog posts. They only appear when viewed on the web.
Cumberland Family Software: www.cft-win.com
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